AFORDable Futures specializes in providing the following products and services to its clients. Currently these services are provided in the context of MIMES simulation model case studies.
These tools are built upon the knowledge base from both ecological and economic disciplines.
United Nations Environment Programme's DPSIR framework for the general structuring of our ecological models. According to the DPSIR framework there is a chain of causal links starting with ‘driving forces’ (economic sectors, human activities) through ‘pressures’ (emissions, waste) to ‘states’ (physical, chemical and biological) and ‘impacts’ on ecosystems, human health and functions, eventually leading to political ‘responses’ (prioritisation, target setting, indicators)ref. This framework captures the essential elements of ecosystems and human interactions within the system and has been used in UNEP's State of the Environment reporting (read more about DPSIR).
MIMES simulation environment is built upon a series of modular sub models including:
The GUMBO model:
The Global Unified Metamodel of the Biosphere (GUMBO) is an exploration through simulation modeling into the global dynamics and interactions of sociology, economy, and ecology. GUMBO, developed and maintained by Roelof Boumans, is aimed at assessing the dynamics of ecosystem services. GUMBO is central to many activities at the Eco-informatics Collaborative that rely on the ability to generate and analyze global change scenarios whose definition includes economic and cultural dimensions. Among the projects that use or depend on GUMBO are the Ecosystem Services Database and the ARIES framework.
In the MIMES analysis, more complex economic valuation methods are used, including:
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